With the ever-changing world, the main reason is that civil engineers will be needed to manage small to high-scale bridge-building projects, rebuild roads, build or restore dams, as well as airports and building structures of all kinds across the world. Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the natural and physically constructed environment. It has immense variety and requires a wide range of sub-disciplines.
Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering branches and is further divided into many other sub-disciplines.

Structural Engineering The structural engineer is responsible for evaluating and constructing a structure that will withstand and resist pressure, forces and loads in a safe manner. The model must follow the requirements of the project when complying with all safety regulations. The system has to withstand heavy loads and natural disasters.

Geotechnical Engineering In geotechnical engineering, engineer will study the earth materials ' behavior and how it will impact a structure to be constructed by testing the soil, foundations, and bearing strength of the land. And also test pre-existing structures that display signs of problems under or around the structure with the earth materials. Mining and Foundation engineering are the two major specialties.

Environmental Engineering This form of civil engineering is the study of environmentally friendly structures, emissions, and wastewater management resolutions. Most researchers are focusing solely on the pollution problem and finding solutions as well as discovering new and inventive ways for waste management and other environmental agencies. Ecological engineering, fire protection engineering, sanitary engineering are few majors.

Transportation Engineering Civil engineers specialized in transport design can deal with transport facility planning, construction and management. They will design and implement the transport infrastructure to provide a safe, comfortable, efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly mode of transport. There are six transport engine groups highway, air transportation, waterway, aerospace, coastal & ocean and urban transportation.

Construction Engineering This division of civil engineering deals with urban planning, construction and maintenance. Construction Engineering is project preparation and implementation from site development, environmental, mechanical, transport and structural engineers. They should ensure that the designs built by other engineers are implemented in compliance with their exact specifications. During the entire project, construction engineers must oversee field work. These are a cross between an engineer and director in a sense as they will supervise the project from start to finish and tackle any issues that arise throughout the course of the project.

Material Engineering This civil engineering branch deals with the study of material power, the properties of building materials and ceramics materials such engineers can identify the best materials that can be used for a project based on the requirements of that project.

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